RUSSIA :- Russian NBC protection troops receive Solntsepyok heavy flamethrowers ::
Russia’s Nuclear, Biological and Chemical (NBC) Protection Troops of the Eastern military district has started receiving TOS-1A Solntsepyok heavy flamethrowers, the Russian Ministry of Defence announced.
The flamethrowers will be introduced into the troops by the end of 2017.
TOS-1 Heavy Flamethrower System is a Soviet 220mm 30-barrel (original system, Ob.634 or TOS-1M) or 24-barrel (Ob.634B or TOS-1A) multiple rocket launcher and thermobaric weapon mounted on a T-72 tank chassis.
TOS-1 was designed for defeating enemy personnel in fortifications, in open country, and in lightly armoured vehicles and transport.
TOS-1 is not assigned to the artillery units of the Russian Armed Forces but is found in Russian CBRN defense units RKhBZ (Radiological, Chemical and Biological Defence Troops). That is why it does not have a GRAU index, but rather an RKhBZ index — МO.1.01.00.
First combat tests took place in 1988–1989 in the Panjshir Valley during the Soviet war in Afghanistan. The TOS-1 was shown for the first time in public in 1999 in Omsk.


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